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    山东弹簧厂浅谈弹簧材料有哪些?
    2020-09-10 16:11:22

    弹簧材料的选择应根据负载的性质,应力状态,应力大小,工作温度,环境介质,使用寿命,导电和磁导的要求,工艺性能,材料来源和价格来确定。确定材料的截面形状和尺寸时,应优先采用国家标准和部颁标准中规定的系列尺寸,并应尽量避免使用非标准系列规格的材料。

    The selection of spring material should be determined according to the nature of load, stress state, stress size, working temperature, environmental medium, service life, requirements of conductivity and magnetic conductivity, process performance, material source and price. When determining the cross-section shape and size of materials, the series sizes specified in national standards and ministerial standards should be preferred, and materials with non-standard series specifications should be avoided as far as possible.

    中小型弹簧,特别是螺旋拉伸弹簧,应优先使用强度较高,表面质量更好,强度更高的钢丝,铅浴等温冷拔钢丝和油淬火回火钢丝。疲劳性能优于普通的调质钢丝,加工简单,工艺好,质量稳定。

    Medium and small-sized springs, especially spiral tension springs, should give priority to the use of steel wires with higher strength, better surface quality and higher strength, lead bath isothermal cold drawn steel wire and oil quenched tempered steel wire. The fatigue property of the steel wire is better than that of the ordinary quenched and tempered steel wire.


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    冷拔后,碳弹簧钢丝和钢琴钢丝产生较大的残余应力。加工弹簧后,残余应力很大。回火后,尺寸变化很大,难以控制尺寸精度。将钢丝拉制成指定尺寸后,对调质油淬火的钢丝进行调制和强化。基本上没有残余应力。成形弹簧在低温下回火后,尺寸变化很小,其耐热稳定性优于冷拔钢丝。

    After cold drawing, the carbon spring steel wire and Piano steel wire produce large residual stress. After machining the spring, the residual stress is very large. After tempering, the size changes greatly and it is difficult to control the dimensional accuracy. After the steel wire is drawn to the specified size, the steel wire quenched by quenching and tempering oil is modulated and strengthened. There is basically no residual stress. After tempering at low temperature, the size of the formed spring changes little, and its heat resistance stability is better than that of the cold drawn steel wire.

    对于大中型弹簧,应选择冷拔材料或冷拔后的抛光钢以提高负载精度和应力。对于负载精度和应力较低的弹簧,可以选择热轧钢。

    For large and medium-sized springs, cold drawn material or polished steel after cold drawing should be selected to improve load accuracy and stress. For springs with low load accuracy and stress, hot rolled steel can be selected.

    以上就是山东弹簧厂为大家介绍的弹簧材料的相关内容,希望可以帮助您!如有更多的疑问可以关注公司网站:会有在线客服为您进行解答。

    The above is the related content of spring material introduced by Shandong spring factory. I hope it can help you! For more questions, please visit the company's website: There will be online customer service for you to answer.


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